Friday, April 29, 2016
Sunday, April 24, 2016
Join EEAC for a guided tour of the High Bridge! The High Bridge is the oldest standing bridge in New York City, having originally opened as an aqueduct in 1848 and reopened as a pedestrian walkway in 2015 after being closed for over 40 years. Two tour guides from Friends of the Old Croton Aqueduct will guide participants over the bridge with an optional extension to the Morris-Jumel Mansion. There is a separate fee of $10 for those adult who wish to tour the historic mansion.
The meeting point is on the sidewalk at 165th St. and Edgecombe Ave., in front of the park sign for Adventure Playground, which is part of Highbridge Park in Manhattan. Participants will walk to and from the bridge on a paved path that takes about 10-15 min. In case of inclement weather, the tour will be rescheduled for a later date.
There's no shade on the bridge so please bring hats, sunscreen, etc. to protect your skin.
This tour is limited to 20 adults. For more information click here.
Established in 1974, EEAC has advocated for excellence in formal and informal education in New York City and beyond. EEAC provides a network and forum for all committed to environmental education to grow professionally and to share ideas and information.
EEAC is the only nonprofit organization with the sole purpose of promoting and supporting outstanding environmental education in New York City schools and other centers for learning. EEAC provides a wide range of programs and services and relays information about environmental education resources and issues. It serves as New York City's umbrella environmental education organization, bringing together people and resources throughout the metropolitan area.
Friday, April 22, 2016
An old purple medicine bottle was found with a pharmacist's label stamped into the glass: Adolph J. Linser Pharmacist Amsterdam Ave & 167 St. NY. This bottle allows us to look into the life of this individual at a particular point in the history of this city near Highbridge Park.
Adolph Joseph Linser was born in Austria on July 2, 1869 to Joseph and Hannah (nee Malin) Linser. The family immigrated to the United States in 1870 when he was one year of age. He was apparently educated in the United States and as a youth of 14 years of age he matriculated in pharmacy training.
One can only imagine the state of pharmacological science education in the 1880s. After all, this was in an era before the Food and Drug Administration which was created by the establishment of the FDA in 1906.
The Pharmaceutical ERA, 1887, shows that Adolph Linser passed the examination of the Board of Pharmacy as a Pharmacist, in Brooklyn, NY at the age of about 18.
Adolph Linser married Anna Loewe, age 17, on March 15, 1891 in New York City. Anna's parents were August Loewe and Frances Neuschwanter. Anna was born in New York City in 1874.
The Bulletin of Pharmacy for 1894 shows Adolph J. Linser is operating as a Pharmacist in New York City.
The Pharmaceutical ERA March 3, 1898 shows "A. J. Linser has succeeded Dr. H.M.S. King in the proprietorship of the pharmacy long operated by the latter at 2161 Amsterdam Ave. in Manhattan. This is the location that is stamped on the the medicine bottle illustrated above.
The Printers' Ink, April 6, 1898, shows Adolph J. Linser at having a business at 2161 Amsterdam Ave. near 167th St.
Trow's Business Directory of Manhattan for 1898 shows Adolph J. Linser, Pharmacist, 2161 Amsterdam Ave.
The 1900 US Census shows Adolph Linser and his family of two children living in Washington Heights section of Manhattan.
The ERA Druggists' Directory for 1906, shows A. Linser operating a pharmacy at 2161 Amsterdam Ave, New York, NY.
Sometime between 1906 and 1910 Adolph Linser appears to have ceased operating his pharmacy on Amsterdam Ave. and opened a pharmacy in Newark, NJ. Therefore, the bottle pictured above is from between 1898 and 1910, and more likely from between 1899 and 1909.
The ERA Druggists' Directory for 1908 and 1910, does not show A. Linser. However, the 1910 US Census shows Adolph Linser as living in Newark, NJ.
The ERA Druggists' Directory for 1911 and 1913, show A. Linser at 108 Bowery, Newark, NJ.
The 1915 New Jersey State Census shows Adolph Linser residing in Newark, NJ.
The Newark, NJ Business Directory for 1916 shows Adolph J. Linser, Pharmacist, located at 108 Bowery in that city.
The Practical Druggist, March, 1916 "A. J. Linser succeeds Chas. Turner at 1759 Myrtle Avenue, Brooklyn" So, it appears that Adolph gave up his business in Newark around 1916 and moved to Brooklyn.
In the Journal of the National Association of Retail Druggists in 1917, it states "at a meeting held December 13, the Greater Ridgewood (Brooklyn, NY) Pharmaceutical Association elected the following officers: A. J. Linser, President..."
The New York Times reported the Federal Court Calendar for the Eastern District of New York on Sept. 19, 1919 including a motion in a Bankruptcy Proceeding for Adolf J. Linser.
The 1920 US Census shows Adolph J Linser living in Queens, NY.
The New York Times reported on April 19, 1928 that A. J. Linser of Englewood, NJ has bought two plots in the Country Club Estates development at Teaneck, NJ.
The 1930 US Census shows Adolph J Linser living in Bergenfield NJ. Virginia B. Linser is listed as his wife. Did Adolph's first wife, Anna, die prior to the 1930 census? She would have been 56 years of age in 1930. Or, more likely, was Adolph divorced from Anna? Records show that there was an Anna Linser who was also born in 1874, died in Brooklyn in 1948. This would certainly point toward divorce.
The 1940 US Census shows Adolph J Linser, age 70, born in 1869 in Austria, being a naturalized US citizen and living at 166 Jefferson Ave., Tenafly, NJ., married to Virginia B. Linser, age 64. It also shows that in 1935 the family lived in Essex County NJ (Newark?)
Adolph Linser died on April 1, 1963 at the age of 93. The death certificate indicated that Adolph resided in New York City.
Adolph Linser and his first wife Anna (nee Loewe) had at least four children, including August, Elsie, Helen, and Ruth.
Social Security number 141-14-0350 [indicating New Jersey, Social Security was enacted in 1935 and taxes were first collected in 1937].
Bottles stamped with the pharmacist's name and address were common during this period of time.
The bottle immediately above is from another local pharmacist on Amsterdam Ave. about 18 blocks to the south. It is embossed "C.A. Henrichsen Pharmacist Cor. Amsterdam Ave and 149th St. N.Y. "
The bottle immediately above is yet another pharmacy bottle from F T Schmidt at the corner of Amsterdam Ave and 86th St.
In fact, embossed bottles were quite common during this era. Here (below) is a beer bottle embossed with the initials JA and "Registered Joseph Adler 1488 Amsterdam Ave., New York This bottle not to be sold"
1488 Amsterdam Ave. is located in Harlem between 133rd and 134th Streets.
If anyone can add any additional information it would be greatly appreciated.
last revised 1/6/17
Sunday, April 10, 2016
This beautiful antique advertising card shows a horse drawn trolley with the captions "High Bridge", "New Route to High Bridge", "Fare 5cts.", "To New Parks", "L D & C", "Base Ball Match this Afternoon", "Polo Grounds", "New York vs. Cleveland", and "225".
While the Giants were formed as a team in the National League in 1883, they did not move into the Polo Grounds near High Bridge Park until after the 1888 season. The Giants won the World Series in 1888 and 1889.
On the other hand, a Cleveland team was originally formed as part of the National League in 1882 and it was called the Cleveland Forest Citys. That same season the name was subsequently changed to the Cleveland Blues. The team had a mediocre record and ultimately merged with the St. Louis Maroons the following year, 1885. Cleveland then went without a major league baseball team for two years, and then, in 1887, they did form a new team, the Spiders, that was part of the American Association. Then, in 1889 when the American Association dissolved, the Spiders became part of the National League. They did not change their name to "The Indians" until 1915.
So, the fact that the trade card above makes reference to a game between New York vs. Cleveland at the Polo Grounds would indicate that that event took place in 1889 or later. The fact that the trolley is horse drawn would indicate that the event must have been between 1889 and about 1900.
For more information on this particular card click here.
The Harlem & Manhattanville trolley started service in 1885 traversing the route from downtown New York City up along the Harlem River to 125th St. and then via 10th Ave. to the Polo Grounds and finally ending up at Fort George.
Tuesday, April 5, 2016
On April 28, 2016 the High Bridge will be recognized as a winner of the Lucy G. Moses Preservation Awards by the New York Landmarks Conservancy. The award is one of NY Landmarks Conservancy's most prestigious honors.
The High Bridge, first completed in 1848, served as an aqueduct bridge bringing the first reliable and fresh water from Croton Reservoir in upper Westchester to New York City. Construction on the bridge was started in 1839 and it is the oldest standing bridge in New York City. The High Bridge has undergone major modifications during its 168 year history -- most notably the addition of additional water tubes in the 1860s, the replacement of the pillars located in the Harlem River with a steel span in 1927, and the restoration completed in 2015. The bridge connects the two boroughs of the Bronx in the Highbridge section to the Washington Heights section of Manhattan.
The 2015 bridge restoration now allows pedestrians and bicyclists to cross the 1,450 foot span thanks to the preservation efforts of the city.
The bridge officially re-opened to the public in early June of last year, but will be recognized as a preservation achievement at the upcoming ceremony in April.
The New York Landmarks Conservancy received nominations from restoration projects across the city that have made great gains over the past year. To determine which projects merit awards, the conservancy looks at the preservation work specifically and what the projects bring to communities.